Stimulus check facts: Eligibility, payment amount, IRS schedule to send a second payment

When will the IRS ship one other stimulus verify? Listed below are some choices.

Angela Lang/PJDM

The Nov. 3 election may come and go before we see a new stimulus package with a second stimulus payment for eligible Americans, so it is exhausting to pinpoint precisely when you might actually see the next payment.

Proper now, it is all a recreation of wait and see, however we are able to convey you in control on all the things it is advisable to know for the second about stimulus funds, together with the place negotiations stand now, how you would qualify for cash cash the second time round and who the IRS may really owe a catch-up fee. 

You might also wish to learn the way the IRS calculates your stimulus amount — you may also fetch an estimate with our stimulus calculator. This story updates often.

1. There’s hope a stimulus invoice will nonetheless occur

The final details on the stimulus bill is probably not ironed out in time to cross by Nov. 3, however Home Democrats are anxious to attract the negotiations to an in depth.

“We wish to do it as quickly as doable,” Home Speaker Nancy Pelosi said Sunday on CNN’s State of the Union. “I assumed the president did too. And that’s a part of the leverage either side, that we each wished an settlement. Why would we even be speaking to one another if we did not consider we may attain an settlement?”

Pelosi added, “It may occur this week within the Home, however that is as much as [Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell] as as to whether it might occur within the Senate and go to the President’s desk.”

With the election simply over every week away, it is much less possible {that a} invoice will cross within the coming weeks, however the state of affairs may change on a dime. If a vote does occur earlier than the election, it might give stimulus checks and different assist an opportunity to be delivered by the tip of 2020. In any other case, the dialogue is probably not picked up once more till January on the newest, relying on the election outcomes. Here are the latest details.


Excessive unemployment charges and a faltering economic system underscore the necessity for extra assist.

Angela Lang/PJDM

2. The IRS may owe these individuals a catch-up fee

In the event you’re still waiting for your first stimulus payment, there are a number of methods to hunt it down. As many as 9 million people have been estimated to be eligible for a primary verify however did not obtain it as a result of they wanted to register with the IRS — an additional step most individuals did not should take. The deadline is Nov. 21 and we show you how to register

Some individuals with dependents received only a partial payment and are still owed money. The deadline to get that in 2020 handed Sept. 30, however we clarify how you can claim it with next year’s taxes.

And in case you share custody of a kid however you are not married, chances are you’ll each be able to receive $500 per child dependent

3. Stimulus fee calculations may use this components

It’s possible you’ll have an interest to know that the IRS has a formula for working out how much stimulus money you could get, and that is what determines whether or not you obtain the complete quantity, a partial fee or way over $1,200 you probably have youngsters.

It additionally explains the way you may nonetheless be capable of get some stimulus cash, even when your loved ones’s yearly revenue exceeds the limit set out by the CARES Act in March. The calculations begin along with your family’s complete adjusted gross income, add on the money allotted to qualifying dependents, after which begin deducting from the entire, based mostly in your revenue bracket (as outlined by the CARES Act). 

You may calculate how much you could get in a stimulus check now, in addition to for a second verify. 

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Subsequent stimulus checks: What to anticipate


4. People who find themselves incarcerated have an opportunity to get stimulus cash

A decide in California dominated that imprisonment should not disqualify someone from receiving a stimulus check and ordered the IRS to launch funds to people who would otherwise meet the qualifications. The ruling discovered that the CARES Act didn’t particularly or legally bar this group of individuals from getting checks and that the IRS’ interpretation is incorrect. If this ruling holds, as much as 2 million individuals or their households may nonetheless obtain funds for these people.

5. Individuals used the primary stimulus checks in these methods

A brand new survey this week on how individuals within the US used their first stimulus verify make clear the economic reality of the coronavirus’ results. The survey from the Federal Reserve Bank of New York polled 1,300 households between June and August. The examine discovered that of the 89% who reported receiving a stimulus verify ($2,400 median complete):

  • 29% spent the stimulus cash (on necessities, nonessentials and donations).
  • 36.4% saved their stimulus cash.
  • 34.5% used it to pay down debt.

Here is how respondents would spend a second check of $1,500, and the way individuals used enhanced unemployment funds.

6. You could possibly be in considered one of 5 completely different fee teams

Eligible People acquired the primary stimulus fee at completely different instances, typically due to the best way they acquired paid, and a second fee can be related. For instance, individuals who have arrange direct deposit — an digital switch of funds into their checking account — with the IRS may get their checks weeks earlier than those that obtain a paper verify or prepaid EIP card in the mail. We recognized five priority groups based on the first stimulus checks

7. Your second fee could probably arrive ahead of the primary

With the primary verify, the IRS realized the right way to mobilize and ship stimulus cash, and labored out lots of the ache factors within the course of. If a second verify is permitted, it is possible the company may pace up the method of sending out the primary set of funds. The monitoring instrument is already up and operating, the system is in place and it is possible that almost all of people that certified for a primary verify can even obtain one other. 

The timeline is consistently altering, however we have mapped out potential dates a check could be sent if permitted earlier than — or after — the election.

8. New eligibility modifications may allot more cash in your dependents

It is possible {that a} second stimulus verify would largely comply with the identical guidelines and pointers as the primary. However the qualifications for who may get cash are topic to alter, in ways in which may gain advantage your loved ones. One proposed invoice redefines who counts as a qualifying dependent, and would give your loved ones $500 for every dependent you declare in your taxes, no matter age. 

The current $1.8 trillion proposal from the White House presents a $1,000 fee per little one dependent. We have defined how some families might benefit more from one bill than the other by way of a complete fee. (Here is how young people could qualify for their very own $1,200 verify.)


Lower than 1 / 4 of eligible recipients obtained their fee as a verify within the mail.

Sarah Tew/PJDM

9. There are a lot of complicated exceptions and guidelines

If a second stimulus verify is permitted, there might be plenty of small particulars, guidelines and exceptions that could be complicated. Whereas some conditions might be straightforward to grasp, others regarding you and your dependents may make it unclear in case you’re eligible and the way a lot cash you may obtain. There are a lot of fringe circumstances.

For instance:

10. You will not should pay taxes on any stimulus cash

The IRS doesn’t consider stimulus money to be income. Meaning a fee you get this 12 months will not scale back your refund in 2021 or improve the quantity you owe once you file your 2020 tax return. You additionally will not should repay a part of your stimulus verify in case you qualify for a decrease quantity in 2021. The IRS stated in case you didn’t receive everything you were owed this 12 months, you’ll be able to declare it as a credit score in your 2020 federal revenue tax return by submitting in 2021. Here is everything to know about stimulus checks and taxes.

There’s rather more to learn about different authorities funds throughout the pandemic, together with a possible interest check from the IRS and the place the $300 federal unemployment benefit is now.

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Clifford Colby